WHAT IS THE GREEN POLITICS?
The green politics, the Greens or the Green Movement is a political group which occured in 20th century in Europe. The general policy of the Greens is built on environmentalism. For this reason, it is possible to find that they are called political environmentalism many times. Alhowever they aim to protect nature by aiming for a politics and community life that is fundamentally at peace with the environment, the political objectives of the Greens do not stop there. Many elements such as social justice, democracy and social equality are among the political interests of the Greens.
The greens, which are part of the left-wing inter-party, can be seen as part of the reflection of socialism on Western Europe. The other part has taken its place in political life as social democratic parties. The most important feature that distinguishes greens from social democrats is the over-the-top sensitivity of post-material issues and, of course, their environmental characters.
In this context, the Greens are one of the biggest defenders of gay rights, minority rights and nature protection laws, especially in Western Europe.
For this reason, many different groups stand out when the electorate of the Green parties is examined. For example, voting behavior among the Turkish-Muslim population in Germany can be seen to be aimed at Green parties. In addition to the green parties’ complete compromise with Muslim religious and cultural values, besides the anti-immigrantism of European conservatives, the Greens are a good alternative for immigrants.
The reflection of the green movement on society is not only in the political arena. It is possible to find a Green effect in many areas that concern society such as sports, media, economy, culture and art.
WHAT IS THE EUROPEAN GREEN DEAL
The Europen Green Deal can be described as an environmental adaptation plan prepared by the European Union. Setting 2050 as a goal, Green Deal is a plan based on the principles of taking quick action against climate change and turning crises into opportunities.
Green Deal, where we can define its objectives as to minimize the effects of economic problems caused by climate change and environmental problems and stabilize the European economy, is a utopia that will only remain in theory for some while a plan that will save the Europe of the future from crises and ensure peace with nature.
This fundamental reason for this fundamental difference of opinion regarding the European Green Deal is due to the general distinction that dominates policies within the European Union. While western countries, which are developed in Europe and base their economy especially on the service sector, look at this agreement with much greater hopes, this agreement is seen as a show-only plan in the eastern countries, which are less developed and have just modernized the industrialization process.
The expansions of the European Union following the dissolution of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) have brought with them a number of integration problems. These problems, which are mainly born of the differences of economic development, deeply affect the policies of the European Union over the past three decades.
The effort to address these problems has been further increased with the adrole of new management understandings such as Open Method of Co-ordination (OMC) and the introduction of the Lisbon Strategy in 2000. The European Green Deal, social welfare policies and other post-material policies have always been the main reasons for differences for the European Union.
What ıs the Connectıon of The European Green Deal Wıth The Green Polıtıcs?
It would not be right to only cost the Green Movement environmental sensitivity within the European Union, and it would not be wrong to say that the Greens are the fiercest advocates. It is possible to say the same for the European Green Deal. It was not only formed by the influence of the Green Movement, but it has the greatest support from the Greens.
The setting of targets such as the reset of greenhouse gas emissions in 2050 is a great victory for the Green Movement. As a result of the struggle against European industrialists and right- liberals, the Green Movement has managed to bring many new things in many areas. Although the European Green Deal is not one of the Greens’ achievements, it is the success of the Greens to include sharp targets and substances, as I mentioned above.
Is The European Green Deal Applıcable?
According to me, The European Green Deal is a plan that could not be implemented when dealt with today’s conditions. The difference in deep development between European countries and the difference in economic resources cause this impossibility.
For Western European countries whose economy is built on information technologies and the service sector, such a major transformation seems possible for the next three decades. However, this is not possible in countries such as Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary. Especially the refugee crisis in the last decade, problems such as rising nationalism have made the politicians of these countries much more insensitive to the environment. The right-wing parties, which are on the rise in Hungary, Italy and across Europe, pose a danger to the Greens and their policies.
While the current situation is pushing the economies of these countries to the brink of bankruptcy, they will not be able to agree to implement an agreement such as the European Green Deal that will increase production costs and restrict production tools.
To sum up, the European Green Deal is a well-thought-out and necessary agreement that can be implemented in a limited way in a limited part of the European Union.